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Home »» Geography and Climate of India
Geography and Climate of India

India, the South Asian country, is surrounded by mountains, oceans, forests and hills on all sides. India is a land of geographical contrasts. The snow-capped Himalayas, the low, fertile Ganges Plain, the Great Indian Desert and the peninsula that extends into the Indian Ocean are the integral parts of India. The Eastern part of India receives some of the highest rainfall in the world during the monsoon season that is June to October.

India has a coastline of over 7,000 km (4,300 miles) and most of India lies on a peninsula in southern Asia that protrudes into the Indian Ocean. India is bounded in the southwest by the Arabian Sea and in the southeast by the Bay of Bengal. Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives are the neighbouring countries of India. India is divided into 28 states, six federally administered union territories and a national capital territory. The political divisions generally follow linguistic and ethnic boundaries rather than geographic transitions.

Indian weather is tropical in nature, which makes the climate of India most unpredictable. The subcontinent has eight climatic zones. But even the monsoon comes to different parts of the country at different times. The unpredictable nature of climate can be seen when you travel from the cold brittle air of the mountains to the burning dry heat of the Deserts where summer temperature regularly reach 45C and beyond.

India is country with varying climate. India has three major seasons, winter, summer and the monsoon. Winter months (November-March) are very cold, but bright and pleasant, with snowfall in the northern hills. Summer time that is end of March till June is very dry, hot and humid in most parts of India. This is the time when the numerous hill resorts provide cool retreat. During the monsoon, rainfall is heavy along the west coast between June and September, and along the east coast between mid-October and December.

If you choose to travel to India during the summer months, go to the Northern part that borders the world's longest mountain range, the Himalayas and offers pleasant climatic conditions. The South also has its hill stations like Kodai Kanal, Ooty, Croog, and so on. Darjeeling, Sikkim, Shillong etc., are recommended tourists destination in the east in summer. Whereas Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, khandala etc., are some of the hill destination sin the western India. offers online booking of Geography and Climate of India and other information on India. Please fill in the form below, to book your tour and for other related information.

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